We take a look at ten ways climate scientists at Adaption Scotland predict our lives will be grimly affected by climate change in Scotland.
New climate conditions could allow pests to increase in numbers and new diseases to spread, threatening the health of people, animals and our eco systems.
Summer droughts may become more frequent and severe causing problems for water quality and supply and increases competition for water between households.
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Climate change may influence Scotlands capacity to generate weather-dependent renewable energy. For example, varying water availability will affect hydro generation schemes. Climate change can also impact power distribution, with impacts ranging from damage caused by extreme weather events, to reduced transmission efficiency occurring as a result of temperature fluctuations. Impacts on global energy markets may also affect energy supplies in Scotland and consequently our overall energy security.
Climate change and associated extreme weather may disrupt transport, energy and communication networks in Scotland. This could impact on markets, affect supply chains and raise insurance costs.
From plankton through to fish, mammals and seabirds, climate changes will continue, with rising temperatures likely to change species and their distributions. The changes will present both threats and opportunities to our commercial fisheries and aquaculture.
Although Scotland may be able to grow more food, this will not offset the impact global disruption has on us. The effects of increased volatility in the global commodity market due to exposure to extreme climatic events has an impact on supply and cost of food.
Climate change may affect the delicate balance of Scotlands ecosystems and transform Scotlands habitats and biodiversity, adding to existing pressures. Some distinctive Scottish species may struggle and could be lost, invasive non-native species may thrive, while a degraded environment may not be able to sustain productive land or water supply.
Sea level rise is already having a widespread impact on parts of Scotlands coast. With this set to accelerate over the coming decades, we can expect to see more coastal flooding, erosion and coastline retreat with consequences for our coastal communities and supporting infrastructure.
A warming climate may provide more opportunity to be outdoors and enjoy a healthy and active lifestyle, while reducing mortality in winter. However, it could affect patterns of disease and other health issues. Climate change and associated extreme weather may disrupt the lives of individuals and communities, limiting access to vital services and impacting on peoples physical and mental health.
We rely on soils to sustain biodiversity, support agriculture and forestry, regulate the water cycle and store carbon. Soils also have an historic environment value, as a proxy record of environmental change and for the preservation of archaeological deposits and artefacts. Soils and vegetation may be altered by changes to rainfall patterns and increased temperatures - as well as the way we use the land.