The QC and former SNP justice and home affairs spokeswoman in the Commons features on the annual list compiled by a panel of expert judges brought together by The House magazine and released to mark International Women’s Day.
Others on the list include broadcasters, journalists, civil servants, campaigners and experts as well as other MPs and peers.
Ms Cherry, who also featured last year, hit the headlines in 2019 when she led the successful challenge to Boris Johnson’s decision to prorogue parliament at the height of the Brexit row. She was first elected an MP in 2015 and won re-election in 2017 and again in 2019.
The judges said: “She has been a leading voice in the campaign to keep the Human Rights Act and to stay in the European Convention on Human Rights. As a member of the Joint Committee on Human Rights she has been instrumental in fighting against the abuse and harassment parliamentarians receive online.”
Ms Cherry said: “It’s a great honour to have been selected by this influential panel of women judges to be part of the 100 most influential women in Westminster for the second year. I am proud of my record in standing up for parliamentary democracy, the rule of law and human rights, particularly women's rights and I want to reassure people that I will continue to do so.”