Midlothian transport emissions fell by record amount in 2020

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Emissions caused by cars, trains and other vehicles in Midlothian fell by a record amount in 2020, new figures show.

Friends of the Earth said though a national drop in transport emissions is not surprising due to successive lockdowns during the first year of the coronavirus pandemic, the Government should do more to encourage people to switch to electric vehicles or ditch their cars entirely as emissions rebound.

Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy figures show transport – including cars, trains and other modes of travel – caused 122 kilo-tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (ktCO2e) emissions in Midlothian in 2020. This was down from 155 the year before and the largest decrease since 2005, when records began – that year, transport emissions hit 172 ktCO2e.

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Carbon dioxide equivalent determines the amount of CO2 that would need to be emitted to equal the same global warming potential of other produced greenhouse gases.

Stock photo of Dalkeith town centre. Photo by Lisa Ferguson.Stock photo of Dalkeith town centre. Photo by Lisa Ferguson.
Stock photo of Dalkeith town centre. Photo by Lisa Ferguson.

Road vehicles accounted for 98 per cent of transport emissions, while diesel-powered trains produced a further one per cent.

Friends of the Earth attributed the dramatic fall to the general public travelling less during lockdown.

Mike Childs, head of policy, said rebounding traffic levels are now contributing to the Government's struggle in meeting its climate targets.

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"Ministers must do more to help people switch to electric vehicles or, better still, encourage them to leave their cars at home by providing better public transport and making it safer to walk and cycle," added Mr Childs.

"This would boost our energy security, cut soaring bills and slash the dangerous emissions that are warming our planet."

A Government spokesperson said: "We have committed unprecedented funding to encourage walking and cycling, as well as to accelerate the roll-out of electric vehicles – both vital steps to reaching our world-leading net zero targets.

"This includes the £2.5 billion rollout of zero-emission vehicles and charging infrastructure across the country, ensuring the switch is as simple as possible for motorists."

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Nationally, 377,680 ktCO2e of greenhouse gases were emitted in 2020 – down from 416,168 the year prior.

The Government pledged to cut emissions by 78 per cent by 2035 compared to 1990 levels and reach net zero by 2050.

Midlothian's total greenhouse gas emissions fell to 443 ktC02e in 2020, down 10 per cent from 443 the year before. Of this, 28 per cent was caused by transport, while commercial emissions accounted for six per cent, industry produced seven per cent and domestic use 30 per cent.

The average person in Midlothian produced five tCO2e in 2020.

Across the UK, the carbon footprint caused by transport dropped by a record 23,350 ktCO2e (18 per cent), from 130,021 to 106,671.