Time was when Edinburgh manufactured a multitude of different goods and services.
Scotland’s capital was once a city of industry, with tens of thousands of people employed by major firms in the manufacturing of everything from beer, biscuits and hot water bottles to huge cargo ships, power station transformers and essential components for the aeronautics industry.
In certain areas, such as printing and map-making, Edinburgh was a world-leader and the envy of many a nation.
Take a look through our gallery to see 18 photos of the city’s industrial past.
1. Duncan's chocolate factory
Making chocolate twists at W & M Duncan's famous chocolate factory at Beaverhall Road, 1958. Photo: TSPL
2. Lady Haig's Poppy Factory
Lady Haig's Poppy Factory - Canongate - Earl Haig during his tour watching the making of wreaths . Photo: TSPL
3. North British Rubber Company employees head for home
Staff running out of the factory at the end of the shift. Photo: TSPL
Electrical engineering firm Ferranti had a factory at Crewe Toll. Here, Ms K Johnston is pictured working with transistors. Photo: Joe Steele