Archaeologists have found evidence of people living in the Cramond area from as far back at 8500 BC when it’s belived it was the site of a Mesolithic camp – the earliest known site of human habitation in Scotland.
The Romans arrived in around 142 and built a fort at Cramond as part of the Antonine Wall frontier on the orders of Emperor Antoninus Pius, and later used as a base for the army of Emperor Septimiu s Severus.
It was the fort that gave the village its name, derived from the compound ‘Caer Amon’, meaning 'fort on the river'.
Various important Roman remains have been found in the area including the Cramond Lioness, discovered in 1997, that can be seen in the National Museum of Scotland.
Very little is known about Cramond in the centuries after the Romans, until the Cramond Tower – part of a larger manor house used by the Bishops of Dunkeld – was built in the early 15th century.
Cramond Kirk was founded in 1656 and, after a brief period as an industrial village at the start of the 19th century, it became the desirable suburb of Edinburgh that it remains today – officially becoming part of the city in 1920.
Here are 25 more pictures to take you back to Cramond in the 1950s and 1960s.
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